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What Happens to the Brain?

What is a Concussion / Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)?

Concussion, also called traumatic brain injury (TBI) is an injury to the tissues or blood vessels of the brain and/or brain stem caused by any sudden movement to the head or body that violently shakes the brain inside the skull. A blow to the head or body, a whiplash of the head and neck, a fall or other trauma may result in a concussion / TBI.

Concussion / TBI can occur without the individual having to lose consciousness. Often times there are no visible signs of a concussion / TBI but there may be symptoms or changes in behavior as provided by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and listed below:

Thinking:

  • Feeling mentally foggy
  • Problems concentrating
  • Problems remembering
  • Feeling more slowed dow


Sleep:

  • Drowsiness
  • Sleeping more than usual
  • Sleeping less than usual
  • Trouble falling asleep

Emotional

  • Irritability
  • Sadness
  • Feeling more emotional
  • Nervousness


Physical

  • Headaches
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Dizziness
  • Balance problems
  • Visual problems
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Sensitivity to noise
  • Numbness / Tingling
  • Fatigue

Physicians can significantly improve patient outcomes when concussion/ traumatic brain injury (TBI) is suspected or diagnosed by implementing early management and appropriate referral. - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

What is a Concussion / Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)?

Concussion, also called traumatic brain injury (TBI) is an injury to the tissues or blood vessels of the brain and/or brain stem caused by any sudden movement to the head or body that violently shakes the brain inside the skull. A blow to the head or body, a whiplash of the head and neck, a fall or other trauma may result in a concussion / TBI.

Concussion / TBI can occur without the individual having to lose consciousness. Often times there are no visible signs of a concussion / TBI but there may be symptoms or changes in behavior as provided by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and listed below:

Thinking:

  • Feeling mentally foggy
  • Problems concentrating
  • Problems remembering
  • Feeling more slowed down


Emotional:

  • Irritability
  • Sadness
  • Feeling more emotional
  • Nervousness


Sleep:

  • Drowsiness
  • Sleeping more than usual
  • Sleeping less than usual
  • Trouble falling asleep


Physical:

  • Headaches
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Dizziness
  • Balance problems
  • Visual problems
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Sensitivity to noise
  • Numbness / Tingling
  • Fatigue


"Physicians can significantly improve patient outcomes when concussion/ traumatic brain injury (TBI) is suspected or diagnosed by implementing early management and appropriate referral."

-Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

If you are with a person suspected of just having suffered a concussion and the person demonstrates any of the following symptoms below:

  • Headaches that worsen
  • Looks very drowsy, can't be awakened
  • Can't recognize people or places
  • Unusual behavioral change
  • Seizures
  • Repeated vomiting
  • Increasing confusion
  • Increasing irritability
  • Neck pain
  • Slurred speech
  • Weakness or numbness in arms or legs
  • Loss of consciousness

Call 911 immediately.

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